HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It weakens a person’s immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection. During HIV infection, the virus attacks and destroys the infection fighting CD4 cells of the body’s immune system. Loss of CD4 cells makes it difficult for the immune system to fight infections.
How Do You Get HIV or How is it Transmitted?
HIV is transmitted (spread) through:
For HIV transmission to occur, the HIV in these fluids must get into the bloodstream of an HIV-negative person through a lining found in the rectum, vagina, mouth, or tip of the penis. This often occurs as a result of cuts or sores, or by direct injection (from a needle or syringe).